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Effective Way to Perform Exchange Database Hard Repair – Get the Solution

Bella Blackwell ~ Modified: 28-Dec-2021 ~ 4 Minutes Reading

This write-up contains complete information about how you can perform Exchange Database hard repair by using the ESEUTIL /P command.

Corruption in the Exchange database is a nightmare for an Exchange Administrator and Users because is the EDB file is severely damaged and corrupted, then there is a chance of data loss if the Exchange database is not repaired in a correct manner.

If any organization or other industry verticals lose data then their clients as well as customers lose trust or faith in them, huge financial loss, there might be a chance that the company can go out of business, etc… To avoid all this problem Exchange users and IT administrator have to repair the Microsoft Exchange database from corruption.

But before proceeding forward let’s look at the reason of corrupted EDB file.

  1. Power Outages
  2. Human Error
  3. Viruses & Malware
  4. Software/Hardware failure
  5. Microsoft EDB objects missing
  6. Space size issue in Exchange

These are some of the reasons due to which Exchange database are corrupted. In order to perform Exchange 2013 database hard repair, you can use the ESEUTIL utility.

Manual Solution to Perform Exchange Database Hard Repair

It is necessary that the Microsoft Exchange EDB file should be offline to run the Exchange storage engine utility for hard repair Exchange 2010 / 2013 database.

First user have to check the state of the database.

Use ESEUTIL /mh Cmdlet to Check the State of Exchange Database

eseutil mh-path



If your Exchange Database is in Dirty Shutdown state and the log files are missing, then that point users don’t have any backup. In this state, failed to mount database issue can also occur. So, it is mandatory to hard repair the Exchange database and get it to clean shutdown state.

Steps to Hard Repair Exchange 2013 / 2010 Database

Step 1: USE ESEUTIL /P Command  for hard repair

This command is at page and table level.

ESEUTIL p “name_of_the_database.edb”

eseutil p cmdlet

Then click on the OK button to continue to restore the Exchange database using the ESEUTIL cmdlet to implement the hard repair

Step 2: Use ESEUTIL /D Command to defrag the database and rebuild indexes

This cmdlet removes the empty pages in the Exchange database file & rebuild its indices.

ESEUTIL d “database_name”

eseutil d cmdlet

Step 3: Run the following to fix the logical corruption and repair the Exchange database at the application level

isinteg cmdlet

After performing all these steps the Exchange database should be in Clean Shutdown and then user can mount the database.

Limitations Of ESEUTIL Utility

  1. Time taking method and requires a large space to perform the hard repair
  2. Users should have the technical knowledge and hands-on experience to use the commands
  3. Data Loss can be permanent and it is very much difficult to predict how can data can be lost

Note: To avoid all this complexity, one can use the automated wizard given in the below section to repair the corrupted Exchange database without any loss of data in a simplified way.

Alternative Method to Perform Exchange Database Hard Repair

EDB Repair Tool is the advanced software that provides dual scan mode option (Quick and Advance scan) which removes corruption from offline/dismounted EDB file, recover and repair corrupt Exchange mailbox without losing data.

To recover a severely damaged/unhealthy/corrupted Exchange database file select the advance scan option and to recover the EDB file from minimal corruption click on the Quick scan.

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Also, the advance scanning mode recovers hard deleted Exchange database mailboxes and data items from loaded offline .edb file. After recovery, user can export the recovered Exchange database mailboxes directly to the Live Exchange Server, Office 365 and different file formats.

Bringing It All Together

This write-up provides complete information to perform Exchange database hard repair by using the manual method. Here, users also know the reasons for corruption in the Exchange database, impact on the organization if they lose data and downsides of ESEUTIL utility. The manual solution provide here easily perform hard repair but there is the chance that you lose data that is permanent. In order to save your Exchange data and recover the corrupt Exchange database, you can use the alternate solution provided in the above section to remove corruption from offline EDB file with no data loss in a hassle freeway.