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How to Recover a Hard Drive That Won’t Boot? Solved

Published By Ashwani Tiwari
Tej Pratap Shukla
Approved By Tej Pratap Shukla
Published On June 5th, 2024
Reading Time 7 Minutes Reading

Overview: How to recover a hard drive that won’t boot If these are some of the questions looming in your mind, then you are at the correct place. There are a plethora of reasons why your external hard drive won’t boot; some of them will be discussed later in this article. First, let’s focus on the methods by which we can recover data from laptop hard drive that won’t boot Windows 11, 10, 8, or 7, which is our main concern.

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What do you Mean by Boot Disk Failure?

A disk loading error is an error that can prevent Windows from loading correctly on your computer. This error may be caused by a problem with your software or hardware. This can also happen if there is a CD on the drive when the system boots. Now that you understand why a disk fails to boot, let’s look at some ways to fix a corrupted hard drive that won’t boot.

Symptoms that Indicate a Hard Drive Won’t Boot

Hard drives cannot last forever and can lose data due to mechanical or other failures. Each type of external hard drive has its own signs or symptoms that indicate physical or logical failure.

Common symptoms of physical hard drive failure

  1. Overheating.
  2. Unwanted noise.
  3. Blue screen error.
  4. device cannot boot.
  5. Data cannot be accessed due to bad sectors.

Common symptoms of logical hard drive failure

  1. Frequent error messages when using the system.
  2. Files and folders are missing or corrupted.
  3. File or folder names have been changed.
  4. The operating system won’t boot.

Read More: How to Fix Corrupted Hard Drive?

Why Won’t My Hard Drive Boot?

Now that you know how to fix hard drive won’t boot issue, let’s discuss why your hard drive won’t boot. Hard drives are fragile computer accessories and can easily stop booting for various reasons. Below are

  • Power Supply Issues: If the data and power cables are damaged, corroded, or have broken pins, your hard drive may not boot or turn on. At this point, it is easier to replace the power cable, data cable, and related interfaces than to reconnect the data and power cables of the hard drive.
  • Incorrect Boot Order: If the boot order is not changed after migrating the system to a new hard drive, the BIOS boot order will not find the new boot drive, and the hard drive will not boot.
  • Bad Hard Drive: A bad hard drive that is logically or physically damaged will cause the system to fail to boot. In this case, you will need to send it to a professional repair shop. To avoid data loss due to this cause, it is recommended that you back up your data regularly.
  • Bad Sectors or Corrupted Boot Files: If your hard drive has bad sectors, or a virus has entered the drive and corrupted the boot files, a boot problem will also occur.
  • Incomplete operating system update: If you do not update your hard drive drivers on time, a hard drive will not boot problem may also occur. In this case, you can just update your hard drive drivers to the latest version.

Technique to Recover a Hard Drive that Won’t Boot

Here we will discuss two solutions to get rid of all these issues.

1: Solve “Disk Failure Issue” in Window

Is there a startup disk failure in Windows 10? In this section, we will discuss three ways to solve the problem of external hard drives not booting in Windows 10.

Let me see!

2: Changing the BIOS Boot Process

The first option is to check the system boot order.

  1. Reboot your system.
  2. Now open BIOS. If you don’t know how to open the BIOS, you can use the following keys: Esc, Del, F10, F2, F8 or F12. It will appear first on the screen or before the Windows logo appears. You can use the command button to open it.
  3. Then go to the Home tab.
  4. Now you need to change the order and put the hard drive in the first option.
  5. Save these settings.
  6. Finally, restart your computer.

3: Remove Newly Installed Equipment and check Data Cables and Jumpers

Check the HDD cable

If you have just added new hardware, follow these instructions:

  1. First, consider removing the recently added hardware.
  2. Next, restart your computer  system and check if the issue persists.
  3. Now check your hard drive again to see where Windows is installed.
  4. Finally, check your hard drives and reboot your system.

4: Run Chkdsk

If you are using Windows  7, 8 or 10, follow these steps:

  1. Insert the Windows disc into your computer and boot from it.
  2. Now click on “Repair your computer” after selecting your language, time and input keyboard.
  3. Pick the Windows installation drive (usually C:\) and click Next.

how to fix a hard drive that won't boot

4. When you see System Recovery Options on the screen, select Command Prompt.
5. Type the command chkdsk C: /f and press Enter.

5: Enable Windows Computer Recovery Option

If you are unable to boot from this hard drive even after setting the boot order correctly, it may be caused by a damaged operating system or system drive. In this case, you can rely on Windows Computer Recovery to restore your operating system. Let’s see how to use this:

  1. Connect the bootable installation media to your computer and boot your computer from it.
  2. In the Settings window, click Next, select Repair your computer, and click Troubleshoot to enter the Advanced Options window.
  3. Use Startup Repair to fix hard drive boot problems. If this doesn’t solve the problem, you can try performing a system restore.
  4. The system is back

Recovering Lost Data and Files Due to Disk Boot Failure

Despite your best efforts, you may be worried about data loss if you are unable to resolve the “hard drive won’t boot” problem. In this case, you need to use Recommend, a Hard Disk Data Recovery Tool. This application can help you recover data from laptop hard drive that won’t boot. It is compatible with Windows 11, 10, 8, 7, etc.

Even with this utility to recover deleted files from partitioned hard drive, after the recovery process is complete, the original layout and information are also preserved. Pre-requisites before proceeding with the process of recover files from hard drive that won’t boot.

Wrapping Up

In this article, the different reasons why the hard drive won’t boot Windows 10 or 11 have been shared. The user cannot access Windows when the hard drive becomes unbootable, as Windows is stored there. Therefore, a professional method to easily recover a hard drive that won’t boot has also been discussed.


Q: How to fix a corrupted hard drive that won’t boot?

As a result of the disk boot error, you can fix the disk boot error in Windows 10 by changing the BIOS boot order, repairing the damaged disk, rebuilding the MBR, and removing the recently used. Here’s how to do it:

Step 1: Uninstall the latest update, restart your computer and check how the process works.
Step 2: Check the cables and jumpers on the Windows system drive.

Q: Why won’t my hard drive start?

It is very likely that the disk will not start due to damage. If the disk is found but cannot be used, the partition table is probably corrupted. However, if the disk is not visible, especially on a Linux machine, the disk may be damaged.


By Ashwani Tiwari

I am an Expert Technical Analyst, specialized in assisting users with complex technological challenges. Through my blogs and articles, I offer expert guidance to help tackle these technical issues effectively. My true passion lies in providing valuable insights and simplifying complicated technicalities, enhancing user understanding and confidence.